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Preschool Physical Education

Aerobic Fitness Consultants' FITNESS YATRA is a preschool physical education program designed to instill healthy lifestyle habits in children ages 2-5. Offering kid's fitness classes will teach small children all about their bodies and how they work. Topics such as the heart, lungs, muscles, bones, brain, mouth and nutrition are a regular part of the preschool p.e. classes.
The FITNESS YATRA physical education curriculum can be integrated into public schools, gyms and childcare centers or run as a profitable preschool business opportunity comparable to a children's fitness franchise. Children workout, learn and have so much fun.
The FITNESS YATRA preschool physical education curriculum incorporates preschool exercises and preschool fitness activities such as aerobics, dance, stretching, gymnastics, sports, strengthening, gross motor skills and balance. Children workout and learn about overall health, anatomy, nutrition, healthy food choices and exercise. Early childhood teachers can help prevent childhood obesity and provide preschool fitness for toddlers to kindergartners. FITNESS YATRA Preschool exercise classes help develop self esteem and positive associations with exercise, healthy eating and rest.
The licensed FITNESS YATRA physical education curriculum offers adults a sound preschool business opportunity and can prevent childhood obesity. Similar to a children's fitness franchise, this complete preschool p.e. class curriculum is popular with schools, teachers, parents, the press and media. In today's news kid's fitness and building healthy lifestyle habits is an important topic. Starting children out on the right foot with a kid's fitness program proven to work can prevent childhood obesity, diabetes, heart disease risk factors and other diseases. Explore a number of preschool p.e. class curriculum packages depending on whether you want to teach preschool exercise classes at a daycare center, offer preschool exercise in a health club or run a children's fitness franchise type operation. Start educating little ones today through fun fitness for preschoolers.
Whether you run a gym, are a teacher looking for new preschool fitness ideas or are just interested in a preschool business opportunity that's more affordable than a children's fitness franchise, FITNESS YATRA can help. We're dedicated to instilling healthy habits into the future lives of all children. We hope we can help you promote fitness for preschoolers as well. Young children depend upon us to care. They need each and every one of us. Now.

Physical Activity for Preschoolers
Wee workouts? Not quite, but physical activity for preschoolers still matters. Little kids don't need any extra encouragement to move their busy bodies, do they? It seems that way, yet amounts of physical activity for preschoolers often don't add up. In the late 1970s, about 5% of children between 2 and 5 years old were overweight. Recently, that figure has climbed to nearly 14%, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. How can you encourage physical activity for preschoolers? The National Association for Sport and Physical Education suggests the following fitness guidelines for young children.

Preschoolers (ages 3 to 5) should spend:
  • At least 60 minutes a day, cumulative, on structured physical activities
  • At least 60 minutes a day (and up to several hours) on unstructured physical activities
  • No more than 60 minutes at a time engaged in sedentary activities, unless they are sleeping
For toddlers (12 to 36 months old), the recommendations are the same, except structured physical activity should add up to 30 minutes a day instead of 60.

Teaching Physical Activity for Preschoolers
What does "structured" play mean? Small children need help learning motor skills. They must go through several developmental steps to learn how to coordinate their movements into efficient running, throwing, catching, and the like. "There is a common misconception that if you kick kids out to play, they will learn" on their own, says Jackie Goodway, Ph.D., an associate professor of motor development and elementary physical education pedagogy at Ohio State University. "But it's like reading. If you don't teach them, provide feedback, and offer them appropriate opportunities to practice and learn," they won't become proficient at those skills.
While formal classes can be wonderful, says Goodway, parents make the best role models. To boost your child's physical activity and motor development, spend time playing actively with him. Offer positive, constructive feedback ("Kick a little more softly next time" or "I like how you reached out for the ball"). Provide age-appropriate toys and equipment, such as a wiffle ball and a fat plastic bat instead of a heavy wooden one. If you do enroll your child in a movement class, make sure it is appropriate for his developmental level. Kids this age are not ready for team sports, and they should not spend time waiting for their turn on the sidelines. Instead of one ball and 10 kids, for example, each child should have her own ball.

Encourage Physical Activity with Preschoolers
To make sure your child gets his daily hour (or more) of physical play, try:
  • Tag or chase: For variety, hop, waddle, or dance instead of running
  • Catch or kickball (experiment with balls of different sizes and textures)
  • Swimming or other water play, such as running in a sprinkler or washing the car
  • Riding a tricycle or scooter
  • Crawling through a cardboard-box tunnel
  • Dancing: Add scarves or ribbons to make it more exciting
  • Indoor obstacle course: Build one together using sofa cushions, hula hoops (to jump in and out of), chairs lined up to form a tunnel or balance beam, etc.
Raising a Fit Preschooler
Preschoolers have a lot of energy, and they use it in a more organized way than when they were toddlers. Instead of just running around in the backyard, a preschooler has the physical skills and coordination to ride a tricycle or chase a butterfly.
Preschoolers are also discovering what it means to play with a friend instead of just alongside another child, as toddlers do. By being around other kids, a preschooler gains important social skills, such as sharing and taking turns. Despite occasional disputes, preschoolers learn to cooperate and interact during play.

Helping Kids Learn New Skills
Preschoolers develop important motor skills as they grow. New skills your preschooler may be showing off include hopping, jumping forward, catching a ball, doing a somersault, skipping and balancing on one foot. Help your child practice these skills by playing and exercising together.
Walking together sometimes can be dull for young kids, so try these ways to liven up your family stroll

  • Make your walk a scavenger hunt by giving your child something to find, like a red door, a cat, a flag and something square.
  • Sing songs or recite nursery rhymes while you walk.
  • Mix walking with jumping, racing, hopping and walking backwards.
  • Make your walk together a mathematical experience as you emphasize numbers and counting. How many windows are on the garage door? What numbers are on the houses?
These kinds of activities are fun but also help to prepare kids for school.

How Much Activity Is Enough?
The National Association for Sports and Physical Education (NASPE) offers specific recommendations for preschoolers, saying they should.
  • Accumulate at least 60 minutes of physical activity that's structured (meaning it's organized by you or another adult)
  • Engage in at least 1 hour and up to several hours of free play
  • Not be inactive for more that 1 hour at a time, unless they are sleeping
It's important to limit TV (including videos and DVDs) and computer time to no more than 1-2 hours per day.

Structured Play
Preschoolers are likely to get structured play at childcare or in preschool programs through games like "Duck, Duck, Goose" and "London Bridge." Consider enrolling your child in a preschool tumbling or dance class.
Your preschooler can get structured outdoor play at home, too. Play together in the backyard or practice motor skills, such as throwing and catching a ball. Preschoolers also love trips to the playground.
Though many kids tend to gravitate toward the outdoors, lots of fun things can be organized indoors: a child-friendly obstacle course, a treasure hunt, or forts made out of sheets and boxes or chairs. Games like freeze dance or bounce catch are also fun. Designate a play area and clear the space of any breakables.

Unstructured Play
Unstructured or free play is when kids are left more to their own devices — within a safe environment. During these times, they should be able to choose from a variety of activities, such as exploring, playing with toys, painting and drawing, doing a puzzle or playing dress-up.
During pretend play, preschoolers often like to take on a gender-specific role because they are beginning to identify with members of the same gender. A girl might pretend to be her mother by "working" in the garden, while a boy might mimic his dad by pretending to cut the lawn.
It's clear your preschooler is keeping an eye on how you spend your time, so set a good example by exercising regularly. Kids who pick up on this as something parents do will naturally want to do it, too.

Safety Concerns
No matter what type of physical activity your child gets, it's important to keep safety concerns in mind. Remember that preschoolers are still developing coordination, balance and judgment. So as preschoolers play, a parent's challenge is to find a balance between letting them try new things and doing what is necessary to keep them safe and prevent injuries. With that in mind.
  • A child on a tricycle or bike should always wear a helmet.
  • If you haven't done so already, it's time to talk about street safety, because even the most cautious preschooler may dart into the street after a ball.
  • A preschooler in a swimming pool needs constant adult supervision, even if he or she has learned to swim.
  • Giving kids safe opportunities to play in both organized and unstructured ways builds a foundation for a fit lifestyle that can carry them through life.
Physical Fitness for Preschool-Age Children
Childhood obesity has tripled in just 20 years. Preschool-age children who are inactive risk becoming overweight in the future. Abdul Kalam says daily exercise is a key to being fit.

What physical activities can you expect preschool-age children to do?
  • By age 3, most children can go up and down stairs by alternating their feet, jump in place, throw overhand.
  • By age 4, most children can catch a bounced ball, jump with a running start, pedal a tricycle.
  • By age 5, most children can skip, leading with one foot, roll like a log, "pump" on a swing.
What can you do at home or in child care to help young children be physically fit?
  • Encourage them to get moving. Make positive comments that focus on effort: "Wow, you zoomed down the slide!" "You almost made a basket!"
  • Provide at least 60 minutes a day for active free play. Offer riding toys, balls, beanbags, climbers, balance beams, and obstacle courses. Let children pedal, throw, roll, climb, run, skip, dig, and jump in a safe space until they are tired.
  • Plan an hour or more of structured physical activity each day. Families and caregivers can teach creative movement, dance, and game-playing skills. Many park districts offer classes in swimming, group games, or ballet for young children. Classes should focus on skills and fun, not winning and losing. In most cases, organized sports are more appropriate for older children.
  • Think about safety. Help children remember hats and mittens during cold weather. In hot weather, see that they cool off in the shade and drink plenty of water. Whatever the weather, help them avoid too much exposure to direct sunlight. If a child has asthma or another condition that limits active play, a health care provider can suggest ways to help the child be active and safe.
  • Turn off the TV, computer, and electronic games. Limit "screen time" to leave more time for active play. Experts say preschoolers should not sit in one place or lie down for more than an hour at a time unless they are sleeping.
  • Set a good example. Let children see you eating healthy food and being active. Note: Doctors say it is better to talk about becoming strong and healthy, rather than about "being thin" or "losing weight."
  • Exercise together. Try sledding, hiking, gardening, and games like catch or tag. Some preschoolers may enjoy a few minutes of playing electronic games that are based on being active together. Stress cooperation and fun rather than winning.
  • Share books that show the importance of fitness. Offer children books about dancers, athletes, construction workers, farmers, and other physically active people.